MAKAZI: Temporary installation at Unicap campus
Design: Ana Luisa Rolim and Eduardo Santos
Construction team: Amanda Carvalho, Beatriz Souza, Bianca Oliveira, Bruno Tinôco, Larissa Falavigna, Luciana Lima, Paloma Tabosa, and Larissa Falavigna.
“Makazi” means shelter in Swahili, the most widely spoken language in Africa, whose etymology and symbolism materialized into a welcoming artifact to the large contingent of cohabiting African descendants at Unicap campus, who also acted as entrepreneurs in the campus’ Integration Week 2019. The event sponsored Makazi's construction by awarding the professor and a team of eight students with a small grant to design, coordinate and build the artifact. Two carpenters from the school's wood shop assisted the group throughout the construction phase.
Digital technologies were essential in the design. Using Rhinoceros and Grasshopper, in a short time (2 weeks), we arrived at a viable structure regarding cost constraints, time frame for execution (3 days), assembly (2 days), and future disassembly. Materials are economically accessible and manageable with simple tools, suitable for the analog construction, featuring: linear pine wood parts (6cm x 6cm section), 15mm marine plywood, screws, hinges, 10mm woven rope, threaded screws, sealer, and low VOC acrylic paint.
The artifact's form generation relate to the twisted block type. Aiming to integrate it with the site – a tropical garden with heavy flow of people – we took advantage of the existing shades by having the artifact embrace one of the existing trees, which amplified thermal comfort and symbiotic relationship with the place.
The logic of the spiral is applied from a hexagonal base, which produces other hexagons guided by the vertices of the starting piece, allowing the structure to grow vertically. The horizontal pieces (edges) of the new hexagons are formed, facilitating the controlled twisting of the object, which can be adjusted from its base points. The vertical pieces were defined according to the vertices of each of the hexagonal rings, constituting columns, which also follow the pre-established twisting pattern.
To accommodate access to the interior of the artifact, six horizontal pieces were removed from the building shell. And, reinforcing its physical presence in the site, the last hexagonal ring was distorted vertically, becoming a pronounced ridge. In addition, 10mm fabric ropes were woven into the structural wood grid, helping minimize stress on the structure and generating dramatic shading effects.
The experience led to three basic conclusions: The extension from theory to practice is fundamental in the architect's education, especially when dealing with solving real problems; digital technologies contribute greatly to the design and its optimization processes, regardless of scale or use, and, lastly, intelligent shape-generating processes can lead to memorable human experiences as they facilitate more unusual set-ups and forms, even when employing simple building components, like the slender timber parts used here.
But perhaps more important than these lessons is having Makazi remind us every day since opening in campus of master Louis Kahn's timeless lesson: "Architecture is an art we can be in."
The artifact and existing tree in a symbiotic relationship. Photo: Amanda Câmara
The rational of the hexagonal rings
Makazi's vertical pieces
The things Makazi is made of
The typical articulated joint of Makazi's vertical pieces
Makazi timber pieces brought from wood shop to construction site
Horizontal joint connection
Assembly of base
Makazi hexagonal rings being assembled
Woven rope installation
View towards top ridge. Photo: Amanda Câmara
View towards access. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Makazi's woven rope skin. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Users enjoying shading and view. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Overall view with users relaxing at Makazi. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Overall view with artifact activated by users. Photo: Amanda Câmara
View towards one of the two entrances. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Detail of woven rope skin. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Makazi fully integrated to the site and its natural elements. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Makazi's shading effects. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Structural grid and building skin. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Detail of top hexagonal ring. Photo: Amanda Câmara
Detail of interwoven building skin. Photo: Amanda Câmara